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How-to and Performance Impact of SSL-Encrypted Replication Traffic in Galera Cluster for MySQL

Deploying Galera Clusters across WAN environments might lead to concerns around data privacy and security - especially as more organisations are having to comply with national and international regulations. You would not want hackers eavesdropping or intercepting replication traffic. Encrypted replication hides what is sent between the Galera nodes, and makes sure each node is only communicating to the ones it trusts. But how expensive is encryption?

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How to Set Up Asynchronous Replication from Galera Cluster to Standalone MySQL server with GTID

Hybrid replication, i.e. combining Galera and asynchronous MySQL replication in the same setup, became much easier with MySQL 5.6 and GTID. Although it was fairly straightforward to replicate from a standalone MySQL server to a Galera Cluster, doing it the other way round (Galera → standalone MySQL) was a bit more challenging. At least until MySQL 5.6 and GTID. 

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Online Schema Upgrade in MySQL Galera Cluster using RSU Method

This post is a continuation of our previous post on Online Schema Upgrade in Galera using TOI method. We will now show you how to perform a schema upgrade using the Rolling Schema Upgrade (RSU) method. This requires that the new schema is backward compatible with the old schema, so it requires a bit more planning than the TOI method. In some cases, you might need to turn off any connections to the target node.

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Online Schema Upgrade in MySQL Galera Cluster using TOI Method

As a follow-up to the Webinar on Zero Downtime Schema Changes in Galera Cluster, we’ll now walk you through the detailed steps on how to update your schema. The two methods (TOI and RSU) have both their pros and cons, and given parameters like table size, indexes, key_buffer_size, disk speed, etc., it is possible to estimate the time taken for the schema to be upgraded.

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Point-in-time Recovery in MySQL Galera Cluster

Data protection is vital for DB admins, especially when it involves data that is accessed and updated 24 hours a day. Clustering and replication are techniques that provide protection against failures, but what if a user or DBA issues a detrimental command against one of the databases? A user might erroneously delete or update the contents of one or more tables, drop database objects that are still needed during an update to an application, or run a large batch update that fails midway. How do we recover lost data?

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Understanding gcache in Galera

Galera uses a preallocated file with a specific size called gcache, used to store the writesets in circular buffer style. By default, its size is 128MB. In this post, we are going to explore how to leverage gcache to improve the operation of a Galera cluster.

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Release Webinar - Introducing Galera 3.0: Now supporting MySQL 5.6, Global Transaction IDs and WAN

Join this technical webinar to learn about the new features in the latest Galera 3.0 release.

You'll learn how Galera integrates with MySQL 5.6 and Global Transaction IDs to enable cross-datacenter and cloud replication over high latency networks. The benefits are clear; a globally distributed MySQL setup across regions to deliver Severalnines availability and real-time responsiveness.

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Avoiding Deadlocks in Galera - Set up HAProxy for single-node writes and multi-node reads

Galera cluster has known limitations, one of them is that it uses cluster-wide optimistic locking. This may cause some transactions to rollback. With an increasing number of writeable masters, the transaction rollback rate may increase, especially if there is write contention on the same dataset. It is of course possible to retry the transaction and perhaps it will COMMIT in the retries, but this will add to the transaction latency. However, some designs are deadlock prone, e.g sequence tables. In this blog we present how you can minimize the risk for deadlocks due to the design of Galera. 

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From the Field - Live Migration from MMM to MariaDB Galera Cluster

This is a guest post from Igor Shevtsov, a MySQL DBA based in Twickenham, UK. Igor has had the opportunity to deploy and manage different types of high availability MySQL solutions, and we invited him to share his experience. Igor can be contacted by email or LinkedIn.

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Full Restore of a MySQL Galera Cluster from Backup

Performing regular backups of your database cluster is imperative for high availability and disaster recovery. If for any reason you lost your entire cluster and had to do a full restore from backup, you would need a reliable and up-to-date backup to start from.

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