An Overview of Hybrid Cloud Database Server Architecture

Agus Syafaat


A hybrid cloud environment uses a mix of private and public cloud and even on-premises services and offers many advantages, including scalability, high availability, faster deployments and effective disaster recovery. One known challenge with this environment is seamlessly managing data movement between environments. Therefore, it is essential to have a good hybrid database architecture design to keep things appropriately synchronised between the different environments. This blog gives you an overview of two different hybrid cloud database architectures, along with their benefits and shortfalls.

Active-Active Database Architecture

The active-active database architecture across the private and public cloud ensures redundancy of the services. Here, we place some of the database nodes in our private cloud/on-prem, and other nodes in public cloud. One of the concerns for making active-active or multi-write nodes is the latency between the private and public.

As you might be aware, active-active allows you to send and distribute traffic to any of the nodes in a hybrid cloud database environment. If one of the nodes is slower when applying the changes, it will impact the whole cluster as active/active replication uses synchronous methods. A good example of active-active would be Galera Cluster for MySQL or MariaDB. It is also possible to place a MongoDB ReplicaSet across the hybrid setup.

Active-Passive Database Architecture

There are different types of active-passive setups. One can be to have one master, with all slaves replicating from it. The other way is to set up chained replication, using an intermediate master.

Master-Slave Database Architecture

The master-slave database architecture consists of one master and multiple slaves. We can put the master in our private cloud, and the slaves can be spread between private and public cloud as shown below:

In this case, if the private cloud has issues, we can failover/switchover the traffic to the public cloud, promote one of the slaves in a public cloud, and then re-configure the rest of the slaves to follow the new master.

Master-Slave Chained Replication Architecture

Another approach for active-passive database architecture, through chained replication. So here, we will have an intermediate master on a public cloud, with another slave replicating off it. The database architecture for chained replication is shown below:

The benefit of chained replication in a hybrid cloud setup is, if the private cloud has issues, we just need to promote the “Intermediate Master” node to become a new master. The rest of the slaves can still follow the master in the public cloud, so they would not need to failover.


Running hybrid cloud for database architecture relies on the connectivity between the private and public cloud. Also, it depends on the workload of the application side and security whether the data can be copied across the nodes in a mixed environment.

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